Are you protecting yourself from sunstroke the right way??

April 12 2018 at 09:53 AM by Samikshya Joshi


The time is here again when we sweat a lot and wait desperately for rains to arrive. And the Sun seems to bite us to eat skin and eyes despite a straw hat and dark glasses. Besides making us feel tired and zapped, it can even be downright harmful by increasing the risk of heat stroke.

DO YOU KNOW WHAT IT IS?

Sunstroke is a form of hyperthermia or heat-related illness where the body’s temperature rises too high. The body loses its ability to cool itself and overheats. High humidity and heat wave can also result in sunstroke. Untreated sunstroke can cause damage to the brain, heart, kidneys, and muscles. In severe cases, delay in treatment increases the risk of serious complications or even death. In severe hyperthermia, body temperature rises up to 104 F (40 C) or higher. Another cause of heat stroke is dehydration. A dehydrated person may not be able to sweat fast enough.

Causes:

Excess exposure to sun , laborious activity in the hot sun or severe dehydration

Symptoms:

A painful headache, increase in pulse rate, high body temperature, dryness in the mouth, dehydration, muscle cramp and weakness, red, hot, and dry skin, nausea and vomiting.

Precautions:

  • Wear loose fitting and light colored cotton clothes that absorb sweat and allow the body to cool properly.
  • Limit your exposure to heat and sun. Avoid long-distance travel in hot vehicles.
  • Stay indoors; cool the room by using curtains.
  • Take more liquids. Consumer water mixed with lime juice and salt as many times as possible.
  • Carry an umbrella or a cap and a water bottle when going out.
  • Avoid spicy and oily foods.
  • Wash the face in cold water at regular intervals to feel fresh.
  • Try to exercise or do physical activity during the cooler parts of the day, such as early morning or evening.

First Aid

  • Get to a shady or air-conditioned place.
  • Remove extra clothing like cap, shoes or socks to speed up cooling.
  • Wet the body with a cool wet cloth.
  • Give water, coconut water or ORS (Oral Rehydration Salt) water. Don't drink sugary or alcoholic beverages to rehydrate.
  • Do not give the person anything by mouth if he is vomiting or unconscious.
  • Do not give any medicine without consulting a doctor.
  • In case of muscle cramps, massage the afflicted areas.
  • Shift the patient to the nearest hospital immediately.


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