Acute Complications of Diabetes Mellitus

November 14 2017 at 06:45 AM by Admin

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic lifestyle disease which is a metabolic disorder causing high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. There are three major types of diabetes - type 1 diabetes, type 2diabetes and gestational diabetes.Diabetes is a long-term condition that causes high blood sugar levels. In 2013, it was estimated that over 382 million people throughout the world had diabetes making it one of the most common lifestyle based disease worldwide.

Long-term Complications of Diabetes

  • Retinopathy - Diabetes may cause eye problems, including glaucoma and cataracts. Diabetic retinopathy damages the tiny blood vessels inside the retina causing in some cases a blurry vision, dark or floating spots and pain or pressure in one or both eyes.


  • Dental problems - People with poorly controlled diabetes are at a greater risk for dental problems. They are more likely to have infections of their gums and the bones that hold their teeth in place because diabetes can reduce the blood supply to the gums. High blood sugar may also cause dry mouth and make gum disease worse.



  • High blood pressure- High blood pressure (hypertension) can lead to many complications of diabetes, including diabetic eye disease and kidney disease, which if not treated, can lead to trouble including blood vessel damage, heart attack, and kidney failure.


  • Heart disease - Having diabetes means that you are more likely to develop heart disease and have a greater chance of a heart attack or a stroke. People with diabetes are also more likely to have certain conditions, or risk factors, that increase the chances of having heart disease or strokes, such as high blood pressure or high cholesterol.



  • Nephropathy - Diabetic nephropathy is the damage caused to the kidneys due to diabetes.


  • Neuropathy - Diabetic neuropathies are a family of nerve disorders caused by diabetes. People with diabetes can over time, develop nerve damage throughout the body.

The good news, however, is that all types of diabetes are treatable. Since it is a lifestyle disease, making necessary lifestyle changes along with proper medication can reduce the symptoms to a point that one can lead a normal healthy life without being at a constant risk of any serious complication as a result of the disease.