Neurological Diseases and Awareness

October 30 2017 at 06:30 AM by Vamakshi Saklani

According to the United Nations 2007 Report up to 1 billion people, nearly one in six of the world’s population, suffer from neurological disorders, from Alzheimer to  Parkinson disease, strokes, epilepsy, migraine, brain injuries and neuro-infections. Moreover, the WHO estimates that unipolar depression is the third leading causes of disease burden worldwide, and the number one cause in the high-income countries.

Neurology is a medical specialty dealing with disorders of the nervous system. Specifically, it deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of disease involving the central, peripheral and autonomic nervous systems including their coverings, blood vessels, and muscles.

Types of Neurological Diseases

Neurological disorders are common and can be life-threatening in certain cases like brain tumors and strokes or they can be less harmful like tension headaches and sleep disorders. However, neurological disorders can be broadly classified as following –

  • Infections (bacterial, viral or fungal)
  • Cancers (malignant or benign)
  • Degenerative conditions (multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease)
  • Disorders of function (epilepsy, Tourette’s syndrome)

Causes of Neurological Disorders

The causes of a neurological disorder can be quite diverse. Both the spinal cord and the brain are insulated by numerous membranes that can be vulnerable to force and pressure. The peripheral nerves located deep under the skin can also be vulnerable to damage. Neurological disorders can affect an entire neurological pathway or a single neuron. Even small disturbance to a neuron’s structural pathway can result in dysfunction. As a result, neurological disorders can result from a number of causes, including –

  • Lifestyle-related causes
  • Infections
  • Genetics
  • Nutrition-related causes
  • Environmental influences
  • Physical injuries   

It is crucial to realize that neurological disorders can be treated and catered to by seeking medical assistance. With the right kind of medical support and treatment, neurological diseases can be managed well and be kept away from interfering with one’s day to day functioning.