Urinary Tract Infection

October 16 2017 at 09:08 AM by Admin

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common infections in humans. If you are a woman the probability of getting a UTI increases manifold since women have shorter urethras, which allow bacteria quick access to the bladder making them more prone to UTIs in general. Women have a lifetime risk of over 50 percent of developing a urinary tract infection. A UTI is an infection from microbes. Most UTIs are caused by bacteria, but some are caused by fungi and in rare cases by viruses.

Types of UTIs

A urinary tract infection may be one of the following types -

  • Bladder infection - cystitis
  • Urethra infection - urethritis
  • Kidney infection - pyelonephritis

Most UTIs are not serious, but some can lead to serious problems, particularly with upper urinary tract infections. Recurrent or long-lasting kidney infections can cause permanent damage and in some cases may prove to be life-threatening.

Identifying UTIs

Some common symptoms of a urinary infection may include -

  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Increased frequency of urination without passing much urine
  • Bloody urine
  • Urine with a strong odor
  • Pelvic pain (in women)
  • Rectal pain (in men)

Causes of UTIs

A few factors that may be responsible for UTIs are as follows -

  • Age
  • Kidney stones
  • Reduced mobility/Prolonged bed rest
  • Pregnancy
  • Diabetes
  • Urinary tract obstructions or blockages, such as enlarged prostate, kidney stones and certain forms of cancer
  • Weak immune system
  • Poor hygiene

Preventive Measures for UTIs

Some of the basic tips to avoid a urinary infection are -

  • Drink sufficient water daily
  • Don’t hold urine for long periods
  • Consult a doctor about managing any urinary incontinence

In order to avoid urinary tract infections, it is important that we maintain and practice basic personal hygiene and sanitation along with consulting a doctor or health expert for proper diagnosis and reliable treatment for the same. Also, UTIs are very common among women and therefore special attention by them is needed in order to prevent such infections from originating in the first place.