Cardiovascular Diseases

October 07 2017 at 08:11 AM by Vamakshi Saklani

On a general account, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of deaths globally, but to put it in more specific terms approximately 17.7 million people died from cardiovascular diseases worldwide in 2015. Out of these deaths, 7.4 million deaths involved a coronary heart disease and 6.7 million involved a heart stroke. Some interesting observations about cardiovascular diseases reveal that more than 75 percent of CVD deaths occur in low and middle-income countries alone. Also, CVDs occur equally in men and women, and 23.6 million people will die from CVDs annually by 2030 - most of the deaths being due to stroke and heart disease.

What is a CVD?

Now that we are aware of the prevalence of widespread heart diseases we need to know their causes, symptoms, and cures as well. So, let us have a heart to heart about heart diseases. What do we mean by a cardiovascular disease? Cardiovascular diseases are the conditions that involve the blood vessels, heart, or both. Some of the major types of cardiovascular diseases include -

1. Angina

2. Arrhythmia

3. Congenital heart disease

4. Coronary artery disease

5. Heart attack

6. Heart failure

7. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

8. Dilated cardiomyopathy

9. Rheumatic heart disease

10. Rhythm disorders such as atrial fibrillation


Risk Factors of CVDs

Some of the risk factors associated with cardiovascular diseases include -

1. High blood pressure

2. Radiation therapy

3. Smoking

4. Lack of sleep

5. High blood cholesterol

6. Diabetes

7. Physical inactivity

8. Stress

9. Air pollution

10. Alcoholism


However, most of these cardiovascular diseases are preventable and can be completely avoided on addressing the above-mentioned risk factors as follows –

  1. Consuming less alcohol and tobacco
  2. Eating healthy food like fruits and vegetables
  3. Reducing salt intake
  4. Avoiding sedentary lifestyle

Major Symptoms of CVDs

In spite of taking all the preventive measures, there may still be a possibility of heart-related disorders. Therefore, if not more it should be in each one of our capacities to at least detect it at the very initial stage. Here are some symptoms that can help us detect a heart disease –

  1. Pains or pressure in the chest
  2. Pains or discomfort in the arms, left shoulder, elbows, jaw or back
  3. Shortness of breath
  4. Nausea and fatigue
  5. Lightheaded/ faint
  6. Cold sweat


To sum it all up, cardiovascular diseases are a serious problem,  globally. However, healthy lifestyle choices can always reduce one's risk. It is just a matter of a few steps taken towards choosing a healthy life that can keep you miles away from any sort of cardiovascular or associated health issue.